In addphic, environmental, etc. as well as a detailed topographical representation of the land, this should include contition to an on-site inspection and an aerial photo, different studies are implemented, e.g.: geological, edaour lines (preferably metre by metre).
On this basis, different designs are carried out, each with the aim of solving problems which may appear in the previous designs.
Thus, following the successive approaches, the final design is reached. And so the engineering project is drawn showing all the work to be executed during the different phases of the golf course construction.
Holes that are unique and different from each other should be achieved without having to use artificial solutions. This means that the natural conditions of the land have been truly taken advantage of.
During the design process, it is essential to select those areas of land which offer a potential value when deciding the location of a tee, a fairway or a green.
The same could be said of the tees, occupying sites where the relevant fairway can be visualized in its true dimension, revealing all the hazards to be avoided before playing the next shot to green with the best possible options of success.
The secret of a good design lies here. Being able to take advantage of all the options the terrain offers us and being able to link one hole to another. This sequence of holes should overcome any problems that may arise, for example: forests, steep slopes, rocky terrain, flood plains, Club House location, etc.
In addition, said sequence of holes should vary as much as possible so as to capture the player´s interest and concentration. Lastly, it is essential that the final holes offer unpredictable outcomes, as if they were a good book or a thriller movie.
It is essential to achieve smoothness at the time of play so that the game does not suffer any stops or hold-ups. For this, the hole sequence, with regards to its difficulty, its par and its distance from green to following tee is fundamental.
It is essential that the holes appropriately present themselves to the player in different ways. Even when the weather conditions do not vary. In other words, the course played by a player one day will present different challenges the following day.
Another variable, such as shaping of the playing surface, also guarantees mutability of the course. The shaping reflects the land as it was before preparing for grass implantation and shows all its related elements (previous scarification and plowing, drainage, water installation, refining of the ground, seeding, etc.). This guarantees the ball´s position will always vary with regards to feet level. And so, the strategy used from the tee will also have to bear this in mind.
Therefore, the player´s strategy will vary from one day to another because the holes which on one day were recovery holes, the following day will impede a par.
These surfaces should allow the following aspects:
The location of at least 4 different flag positions per green. Thus, demanding a different game strategy depending on its position. The need to control one´s short game in order to achieve recovery shots in situations which require approach and putt.
A good putting touch is required. Unless the ball is located in the vicinity of the flag, or, on the contrary, is outside the green although relatively near the hole, this does not mean that by chipping, the next putt will be near the hole every time.
Lastly, the main final objective is to achieve holes which are complementary in their characteristics, as well as being different. This implies creating a FAIR course meaning it should include all aspects of play: accuracy, risk-taking, aggressiveness, power or a good long game, ability of the short game, quality on the greens, etc...
In other words, a setting where the better players will truly have more opportunities to win, and thus luck will only play a secondary role.
For the same aforementioned reasons, it will be a selective course, designed to satisfy the most complete players, i.e. the best players, with the ability to control all the clubs in the bag and any challenging situation that may arise on the course.